It is difficult to answer questions about how Nigeria can and should achieve sustainable economic, social and political growth. This column takes a look at well known development economic theories and applies them to the unique Nigerian context.


Social welfare in Nigeria: Hit or miss?

Akinkunmi Akingbade

Akinkunmi Akingbade

Akin is a Consultant and Writer with a background in Development Economics. He previously worked at Ventures Africa.


One month, 111 cases, and one death after the COVID-19 pandemic hit Nigeria's shores, President Buhari gave a directive. He ordered the lockdown of the three most affected states and a distribution of ₦20,000 each to the poor.

"For the most vulnerable in our society, I have directed that the conditional cash transfers for the next two months paid immediately. Our internally displaced persons will also receive two months of food rations in the coming weeks," the President said.

Shortly after his announcement, the distribution commenced, and Nigerians began to wonder who the "vulnerable" receiving these distributions were. 

At the time of the announcement, the National Society Safety Nets Coordinating Office (NASSCO), had identified 11 million Nigerians and 2.6 million households as those who qualify under the poor and vulnerable category. They had been captured on the National Social Register (NSR).

The office builds its database with Community Based Targeting (CBT), by contracting religious or community leaders to identify recipients for cash or in-kind benefits. 

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